26th General Conference, Final Program
26th General Conference - Cracow, Poland
27 August to 2 September 2000

FINAL PROGRAM


MONDAY, 28 AUGUST, MORNING:

Session 1 - Factor Productivity and Technological Change

Organizers:  Barbara Kondrat, GUS, Poland and Derek Blades, OECD,          France

Chairperson:  Barbara Kondrat, GUS, Poland

1.  “Labour and Capital Productivity in Poland,”
Leszek Zienkowski, Research Centre for Statistical and Economic Analysis, GUS,  Poland
[Text] [Table] [Graphs]

2. “Capital Formation and Total Factor Productivity in South Korea and Taiwan, 1951-98”
Bart van Ark and Marcel Timmer, University of Groningen, Netherlands

3. “Contribution of Information and Communication Technologies to Output and Productivity Growth,”
Paul Schreyer, OECD, France

4. “On Capital and Productivity:  Harrodian and Keynesian Measures,”
Tom Rymes, Carlton University, Canada and René Durand, Industry Canada, Canada
[Paper]

Discussants:
Derek Blades, OECD, France
Barbara Fraumeni, Bureau of Economic Analysis, USA
Peter van de Ven, Statistics Netherlands, Netherlands
Michael Ward, World Bank, USA


MONDAY, 28 AUGUST, AFTERNOON:

Session 2A -  Economic Performance and Income Distribution

Organizer:  Thesia Garner, Bureau of Labor Statistics,  USA

1.  “Growth, Income Distribution, and Well-Being:  Comparisons Across Space and Time,”
Carola Grün and Stephan Klasen, University of Munich, Germany
[Paper]

2.  “Inequality, Growth and Welfare:  An International Comparison,”
Luis Ayala, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain and Jesús Ruiz-Huerta, University Complutense, Spain
[Paper]

3.  “The Distribution and Redistribution of Income in West Germany Before and After the Wall Came Down,”
John A. Bishop,  East Carolina University, USA, John P. Formby, University of Alabama, USA, and Lester A. Zeager, East Carolina University, USA
[Paper]

4.  “The Development of Slovak Income Distribution During the Transformation (1988-96),”
Rastislav Bednarik, Research Institute of Labour, Social Affairs and Family, Slovak Republic

5. “Household Characteristics and the Distribution of Income in Italy,”
Conchita D’Ambrosio, Universita’ Bocconi, Italy

6 .  “Distributive Implications of Income Aggregation Within the Household:  An Approximation Through Mobility Indices,”
Javier Ruiz-Castillo, Universidad Carols III, Spain and Mercedes Sastre, Universite de Cergy Pontoise, France
[Paper]

Discussants:
Lars Osberg, Dalhousie University, Canada
Irwin Collier, Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany
Ann Chadeau, University Paris V René Descartes, France


Session 2B - Balance Sheets

Organizer:  François Lequiller, INSEE, France

1.  “The Measurement of Depreciation, Capital Stocks, and changes in Stocks in the U.S. National Income and Product Accounts,”
Barbara M. Fraumeni and Shelby W. Herman, Bureau of Economic Analysis, USA
[Paper]

2.  “The Theory of Economic Depreciation and the SNA,”
Peter Hill, UK

3.  “Making Use of National and Sectoral Balance Sheets,”
Sean Thompson,  Peter Harper and Ian Bobbin, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australia

4.  “Intangibles:  Invaluable?  Should the Asset Boundary in the 1993 SNA be Extended?”
P.J.M. Van de Ven, Statistics Netherlands, Netherlands

5.  “A Comparison of PIM Estimates with Direct Stock Information on Buildings,”
Esben Dalgaard and Annette Thomsen, Statistics Denmark, Denmark
[Paper]

6.  “Uncertainty in Financial Balance Sheet Data in the National Accounts,”
Michael Osterwald-Lenum, Statistics Denmark, Denmark

Discussants:
Gilbert Cette, Banque de France, France
Lucie Laliberte, Statistics Canada, Canada
Jacques  Bournay, INSEE, France
Paul McCarthy, OECD, France
Jean-Etienne Chapron, International Monetary Fund, USA

Distributed Paper

“Economic Policy Using the State’s Complete Balance Sheet,”
Benoit Coeure, France-Tresor, France


MONDAY, 28 AUGUST, EVENING:

Session 2A Continued - Economic Performance and Income Distribution

Organizer:  Thesia Garner, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, DC, USA

C1.  “The Median Voter Hypothesis, Income Inequality, and Income Redistribution. An Empirical Test with the Required Data”
Branko Milanovic, World Bank, USA
[Paper]

C2. “Was the Burden of the Deep Swedish Recession Equally Shared,”
Björn Gustafsson, University of Göteborg, Sweden and Edward Palmer, Swedish National Social Insurance Board and Uppsala University, Sweden

C3. “The Distribution of the Unification Bonus (Malus) in Postwall Eastern Germany,”
Miriam Beblo, Irwin Collier, and Thomas Knaus, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany

C4. “The Impact of Tax Benefit System Reforms Between 1990 and 1998 on Income Distribution in France:  Evaluation by Microsimulation,”
Fabrice Murat, Nicole Roth, and Christophe Starzec,  CNRS-TEAM/INSEE, France
[Paper]

C5. “Mobility, Inequality, and Horizontal Inequity,”
Shlomo Yitzhaki and Quentin Wodon, World Bank
[Paper]

C6. “Education for the Masses?: The Interaction between Wealth, Educational and Political Inequalities,”
Francisco H.G. Ferreira
[Paper]

Discussants:
John Formby, University of Alabama, USA
Jon Epland, Statistics Norway, Norway
Michael Wolfson, Statistics Canada, Canada

Database and Simulation Model Demonstration

Organizer:  Kimio Uno, Keio University, Japan
Demonstration of a database covering the world with industrial sector disaggregation typically at the 36 sector level and simulation model available for approximately 60 regions/countries.


TUESDAY, 29 AUGUST, MORNING:

Session 3 - International Standards for Income Distribution Statistics

Organizer:  Paul van der Laan, Statistics Netherlands, Netherlands

1. “Overview of the Proposed Standards for Income Distribution Statistics,”
Jenny Church, UK, Pieter Everaers, Statistics Netherlands, Netherlands, Maureen McDonald, ABS, Australia, Leon Pietsch, ABS, Australia and Daniel Weinberg, Bureau of the Census, USA.
[Paper]

2. “Reconciliation of Micro-Macro Concepts and Terminology,”
Anne Harrison, OECD,  France
[Paper]

3. “Economic and Social Transformations:  Challenges for Income Measurement”
Pedro Saínz, ECLAC, Chile and Sylvester Young, ILO, Switzerland
[Paper]

4.  “Making Cross-Country Comparisons of Income Distributions,”
Timothy Smeeding, Syracuse University, USA, Michael Ward, World Bank, USA,  Ian Castles, Academy of Social Sciences in Australia, Australia and Haeduck Lee, World Bank, USA.
[Paper]

5.  “Producing Time Series Data for Income Distribution:  Sources, Methods and Techniques,”
Anthony Atkinson, Nuffield College, UK, Andrea Brandolini, Bank of Italy, Italy, and Timothy Smeeding, Syracuse University, USA.
[Paper]

Discussants:
Patricia Ruggles, Department of Health and Human Services, USA
Graham Pyatt, Institute of Social Studies, Netherlands
Holly Sutherland, Department of Applied Economics, University of Cambridge, UK
Michael Wolfson, Statistics Canada, Canada

Contributed Paper:

“The International Expert Group on Household Income Statistics (Canberra Group), 1996-2000”
Paul van der Laan, Statistics Netherlands, Netherlands
[Paper]


TUESDAY, 29 AUGUST, AFTERNOON

Session 4A - Environmental Accounting

Organizer:  Anne Harrison, OECD, France

News on the revision of the SEEA 2000 <<< NEW

This session will be used to review the draft of the revised “Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting Manual (SEEA-2000)” being prepared by the London Group on Environmental Accounting.  The new manual will include the following chapters:

1. Overview

1B.             The Accounting Structure of SEEA 2000

2A.             Physical Asset Accounts

2B.             Asset Accounts in Economic Terms and the Measurement of Depletion

3. Physical Flow Accounts

4. Environmental Protection and Resource Management Accounts

5. Extending the Monetary Accounts to Include Valuation of Degradation

6. Applications and Policy Uses  

Drafts of these chapters are available on http://ww2.statcan.ca/citygrp/london/publicrev/intro.htm.  Written comments by Keith Blackburn, Australia and Andr‚ Vanoli, INSEE, France are available on the conference website.  The third discussant is Utz Reich, Fachhochschule Mainz, Germany.

After floor discussion, several authors of the chapters will respond:
Alessandra Alfieri, UNSD, USA
Mark de Haan, Statistics Netherlands, Netherlands
Ole Gravgaard, Statistics Denmark, Denmark
Robert Smith, Statistics Canada, Canada
Knut Sorensen, Statistics Norway, Norway
Sofia Ahlroth, National Institute of Economic Research, Sweden


Session 4B - Household Budget Expenditures and Budget Standards

Organizer:  David Johnson, Bureau of Labor Statistics, US

1.  “Progress on Child Poverty?  Recent Changes in Canadian Policies and Outcomes,”
Thomas F. Crossley, The Australian National University, Australia and Lori Curtis, Dalhousie University, Canada

2.  “A Century of Family Budgets in the United States,”
David Johnson,  John Rogers and Lucilla Tan, Bureau of Labor Statistics, USA
[paper]

4.  “Using Expenditure Data in the Measurement of Poverty:  A Comparison of Australia and the UK,”
Peter Saunders, SPRC UNSW, Australia, Jonathan Bradshaw and Michael Hirst, University of York, UK
[Paper]

5.  “Estimating the Cost of Children in Poland Using Panel Data,”
Olivia Ekert-Jaffé, INED, France and Christophe Starzec and François Gardes, CNRS- TEAM/ INSEE, France
[Paper]

6.  “Creating Order Out of Chaos? Identifying Homogenous Groups of Households Across Multiple Datasets,”
Rebecca Taylor, Joanna Gomulka, and Holly Sutherland, University of Cambridge, UK

Discussants:
Patricia Ruggles, Department of Health and Human Services, USA
Joel Popkin,  Joel Popkin and Co., USA


WEDNESDAY, 30 AUGUST

Full Day Excursion comprising a raft trip down the Dunajec River with views of a dramatic river canyon and valley and a visit to the Wieliczka Salt Mine, a working mine since the late 12th century.



THURSDAY , 31 AUGUST, MORNING

Session 5 - Measures of Economic Well-Being

Organizer:  Andrew Sharpe, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, Canada

1.  “Sustaining Economic Well-Being:  New Estimates of the Genuine Saving Indicator.”
Kirk Hamilton, World Bank, USA
[Paper]

2.  “Time and Economic Well-Being:  A Panel Analysis of Desired Versus Actual Working Hours,”
Joachim Merz, University of Luneburg, Germany
[Paper]

3.  “The European System of Social Indicators:  An Instrument for Social Monitoring and Reporting,”
Heinz-Herbert Noll, Centre for Survey Research and Methodology, Germany

4.  “Estimates of an Index of Economic Well-Being for OECD Countries,”
Lars Osberg, Dalhousie University, Canada and Andrew Sharpe, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, Canada

Discussants:
Thesia Garner, Bureau of Labor Statistics, USA
Utz-Peter Reich, Fachhochschule Mainz, Germany
Helen Boss, Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, Austria
Derek Blades, OECD, France


THURSDAY, 31 AUGUST, AFTERNOON

Session 6A - Measures of Poverty and Social Exclusion

Organizer:  Stephen Jenkins, Institute for Social and Economic Research, UK

1.  “Measuring Well-Being in the Functioning Space,”
Andrea Brandolini, Bank of Italy, Italy
[Paper]

2.  “The Social Exclusion of Children In North America:  A Microdata Comparison of Canada and the United States,”
Shelley Phipps and Lori Curtis, Dalhousie University, Canada

3.  “Explorations of the Relationship Between Poverty and Social Exclusion in Britain,”
Jonathan Bradshaw, David Gordon, Sue Middleton, Peter Townsend, Christina Pantazis, Ruth Levitas, Sarah Payne, Glen Bramley, Universities of York, Bristol, Loughborough, Strathclyde, UK
[Paper]

4.  “Income, Multiple Deprivation and Poverty,”
Rosa Martinez and Jesús Ruiz-Huerta, Universidad Complutense, Spain
[Paper]

5.  “Vulnerability and the Dynamics of Poverty in Rural China,”
Neil McCulloch, University of Sussex, UK

Discussants:
Lene Mejer,  Luxembourg
Lars Osberg, Dalhousie University, Canada
Holly Sutherland,  Cambridge University, UK
Patricia Ruggles, Department of Health and Human Services, USA


Session 6B - Measurement of Government and Other Non-Profit Institutions

Organizer:  Edith Archambault, University of Paris 1 - Sorbonne, France

1.  “Measurement of Collective and Semipublic Output in Developing Countries,”
Markos J. Mamalakis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA

2.  “The Handbook on Non-Profit Institutions in the System of National Accounts:  An Introduction and Overview,”
Helen Tice and Lester Salamon, Johns Hopkins University,  USA
[Paper]

3.  “Extending the Satellite Account for Non-Profit Institutions, ”
Helmut Anheier, London School of Economics, UK
[Paper]

4.  “Social and Economic Size of Italian Voluntary Organizations.”
Nereo Zamaro, ISTAT, Italy
[Paper]

Discussants:
Paul McCarthy, OECD, France
Jan van Tongeren, UNSD, USA


THURSDAY, 31 AUGUST, EVENING

Session 6A Continued - Measures of Poverty and Social Exclusion

Organizer:  Stephen Jenkins, Institute for Social and Economic Research, UK

1.  “Applying the Irish National Definition of Poverty Across 12 European Union Countries:  The Structure and Determinants of Low Income and Deprivation,”
Richard Layte, Brian Nolan and Chris Whelan, Economic and Social Research Institute, Ireland

2.  “The Distribution of Welfare and Its Relation to Poverty and Inequality,”
Stanislaw Maciej Kot, Cracow University of Economics, Poland

3.  “Theoretical Definition and Empirical Measurement of Welfare and Poverty:  A Microeconomic Approach,”
Wolfgang Strengmann-Kuhn, Institut Für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Germany
[Paper]

4.  “Using Subjective Information to Correct Biases in Deprivation Indices,”
Karel Van den Bosch, University of Antwerp, Belgium

Discussants:
Ann Harding, NATSEM, Australia
Pat Ruggles,  Department of Health and Human Services, USA


FRIDAY, 1 SEPTEMBER, MORNING

Session 7A - Construction and Use of Social Accounting Matrices

Organizer:  Steven Keuning, Statistics Netherlands, Netherlands

1.  “A Pilot Social Accounting Matrix for Italy with a Focus on Households,”
Alessandra Coli and Francesca Tartamella, ISTAT, Italy
[Paper]

2.  “Preparing Social Accounting Matrices and Labour Accounts for the United Kingdom - The First Steps,”
Amanda Rowlatt, Sue Holloway, Marta Haworth and Nigel Stultard, ONS, UK

3.  “The Use of Social Accounting Matrices in Modeling,”
Erik Thorbecke, Cornell University, USA
[Paper]

4.  “SAMs and Data Construction for the AGE-Model of the Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis (CPB),”
Ted Reininga, Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis,  Netherlands

5.  “SAM Multipliers and Inequality Measurement,”
María  Theresa Rubio Sanz and Juan Vicente Perdiz, Valladolid University, Spain

Discussants:
Brian Newson, Eurostat, Luxembourg
Graham Pyatt, Institute of Social Studies, The Hague


Session 7B - Selected Contributed Papers

Organizer:  Lars Osberg, Dalhousie University, Canada

This session will be comprised of papers selected by the Review Book Editor and Managing Editor from the  Contributed Papers Session.  In this session, the papers will be presented by discussants following the format of the invited sessions.

1.  NANCY RUGGLES TRAVEL GRANT FOR 2000

“Multilateral Comparisons of Productivity, Terms of Trade, and Factor Accumulation,”
Alice Shiu, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
[Paper]

2.  “National Accounts in a Time Series Perspective,”
T.M. Mathiasen and M. Petersen, Statistics Denmark, Denmark
[Paper]

3.  “A Framework for Multilateral Comparisons of Manufacturing Sector Comparisons in the ICOP Project:  Issues, Methods and Empirical Results,”
D.S. Prasada Rao, University of New England, Australia and Marcel Timmer, University of Groningen, Netherlands

4. “On Natural Resource Rent and the Wealth of a Nation:  A Study Based on National Accounts in Norway, 1930-95,”
Lars Lindholt, Statistics Norway, Norway
[Paper]

5.  “The Linkages Between Income Distribution and Health Inequalities:  Australia, 1977 to 1995”
Agnes Walker, NATSEM. Australia
[Paper]

6.  “The Evolution of Wage Inequality in Brazil,”
Orlando Sotomayor, University of Puerto Rico, USA

Discussants:
Stephen Jenkins, Institute for Social and Economic Research, UK
Tom Rymes,  Carlton University, Canada
Andrew Sharpe, Center for the Study of Living Standards, Canada


FRIDAY, 1 SEPTEMBER, AFTERNOON

Session 8B - Contributed Papers

Organizer:  Edward Wolff, New York University, USA

Group 1:  Topics in National and Historical Accounting and Productivity Comparisons

1.1  “Mark-Up Rate Fluctuations in the Business Cycle:  A  Kaleckian View,”
Mitsuhiko Iyoda, St. Andrews University, Japan

1.2  “Additivity, Matrix Consistency and a New Method for International Comparisons of Real Incomes and Purchasing Power Parities,”
Itsuo Sakuma, Senshu University, Japan, D.S. Prasada Rao, University of New England, Australia, and Yoshimasha Kurabayashi, Toyo Eiwa University, Japan
[Paper]

1.3  “Environmental Accounts in Norway,”
Knut O. Sorensen, Statistics Norway, Norway
[Paper]

1.4  “Micro Data on Capital Inputs:  Attempts to Reconcile Stock and Flow Information,”
Erik Biorn, University of Oslo, Norway, Kjersti-Gro Lindquist, Statistics Norway, Norway and Terje Skjerpen, Statistics Norway, Norway

1.5 “Comparative Labor Productivity in Chinese and US Manufacturing:  What Could Explain the Gap in the Long Run?
Harry X. Wu, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
[Paper]


Group 2:  Issues in Income Distribution

2.1  “The Impact of Housing Values on the Wealth of Australians:  A Dynamic Microsimulation of 1986-2036,”
Simon Kelly, University of Canberra, Australia
[Paper]

2.2  “Making a Difference:  The Impact of Tax/Transfer Policy on Child Poverty in Australia, 1982 to 1996-97,”
Ann Harding and Aggie Szukalska, NATSEM, Australia
[Paper]

2.3  “The Distribution of Fringe Benefits:  The Case of Norway,”
Mads Ivar Kirkeberg and Jon Epland, Statistics, Norway, Norway
[Paper]

2.4  “Intergenerational Influences on the Receipt of Unemployment Insurance in Canada and Sweden,”
Miles Corak, Statistics Canada, Bjorn Gustafsson and Torun Osterberg, University of Goteborg, Sweden

2.5  “The Choice of Principal Variables for Computing Some Measures of Human Well- Being,”
Tomson Ogwang and Abdelia Abdou, University of Northern British Columbia, Canada
[Paper]

2.6 “Equivalence Scales for Poland:  How Sensitive to the Methods Are They?”
Adam Szulc, Warsaw School of Economics, Poland


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