Charles Yuji Horioka was born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA, in 1956 and received his B.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Harvard University. He taught at Stanford, Columbia, Kyoto, and Osaka Universities and the University of the Philippines and was Research Professor and Vice-President at the Asian Growth Research Institute before assuming his present position as Professor at Kobe University. In 2001, he was awarded the Seventh Japanese Economic Association-Nakahara Prize, which is given annually to the most outstanding young Japanese economist. His specialties are household economics and the Japanese economy, and he has written more than 150 scholarly articles on household consumption, saving, housing demand, bequest, and caregiving behavior. His path-breaking article on the so-called “Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle” (written jointly with Martin Feldstein) is one of the most widely cited papers in international finance. He is currently President of the Society of Economics of the Household, Vice-President of the Japanese Economic Association, and a Council member of the International Association for Research on Income and Wealth served as Co-Editor of the International Economic Review for 15 years, currently serves as Co-Editor of the Review of Economics of the Household and is a Research Associate and Co-Director of the Japan Project at the National Bureau of Economic Research.